Afghanistan no longer the worst place for mothers
BETTER healthcare and more girls attending school have knocked Afghanistan from its position as the worst place on earth to be a mother, Save the Children said in a major report on Tuesday, but stressed the precarious nature of any gains.
“More mothers are surviving and fewer children are dying and this is something we need to be celebrating,” said Rachel Maranto, Advocacy and Mobilisation senior Manager at Save the Children in Kabul.
Afghanistan switched places with Niger in western Africa in Save the Children’s ‘Mothers’ Index’, which fell back to bottom place, a spot Afghanistan occupied for the past two years.
This was partly achieved by the number of births attended by trained professionals in Afghanistan rising from 14 percent to 24 percent between 2003 and 2008, and girls in formal education, which has gone from zero in 2001 to 2.5 million today.
Afghan women have won back hard-fought rights in education, voting and work since the five-year austere rule of the Taliban was toppled by US-backed Afghan forces in 2001.
But their plight remains severe and Maranto warned that such gains are “fragile”.
Foreign aid accounts for more than 80 percent of Afghanistan’s annual state budget of roughly $5 billion, and that is set to dramatically fall as foreign combat troops prepare to leave by the end of 2014.
Rick Manning, medical director at Cure International’s hospital in Kabul, said there were “encouraging signs” that life for mothers and children was improving, but warned: “It’s more complicated than just spending money. It’s getting the right people here to make sure the money is used correctly.” In a neonatal intensive care unit run by the nonprofit Cure — one of only five in the country — Manning surveyed the row of incubators where tiny babies born prematurely were sleeping.
“About every infant who comes in here would have died if they were not admitted here.
So a lot more of these care units need to be made, staffed, housed. A lot more needs to be done.”